Learn more about the symptoms
of cardiovascular diseases:
Typical symptoms of a cardiovascular disease include:
Diseases of the cardiovascular system
High Blood Pressure
If you suffer from high blood pressure, also called hypertension, you will usually not feel any pain. This is why it is often discovered by chance during routine examinations. However, if left untreated, it can lead to health problems: The high pressure can damage your vascular walls and also affect the heart – up to and including a heart attack. If the heart has to pump constantly against a high resistance in the vessels, it can become tired (heart failure). High blood pressure can also be the result of a disease, for example if your blood vessels are narrowed.
A heart can beat too fast, too slowly or very irregularly – cardiac arrhythmias are manifold. They can be dangerous to your health if they limit your heart’s performance: It emits less blood and the brain is undersupplied – dizziness, fainting and impaired vision can be consequences. Cardiac arrhythmias can be life-threatening in severe heart diseases.
As the name suggests, heart failure means that your heart is too weak. It does not reach its full potential and therefore pumps too little blood into the circulatory system. This can be caused by a variety of heart diseases. A distinction is made between left heart failure and right heart failure, depending on which half of the heart is affected. In left heart failure, the blood accumulates back into the lungs, leading to shortness of breath or pulmonary edema, for example. In right heart failure, the backwater continues into the neck veins and into the liver, spleen and kidneys. Increased urination, edema and weight gain can be symptoms.
Coronary heart disease (CHD) / heart attack
Coronary heart disease can manifest itself in many different ways: These include angina pectoris, shortness of breath, cardiac insufficiency, arrhythmia and heart attack. If you suffer from angina pectoris, the vessels that supply your heart muscle (coronary arteries) are often severely constricted by pathological deposits of cholesterol and other fats (arteriosclerosis). The muscle cannot be sufficiently supplied with oxygen, especially in stressful situations, and reacts with pain – chest tightness. This can be a sign of an impending heart attack. In a heart attack, heart muscle cells die irreversibly. An emergency medical treatment is always necessary, here every second counts!
Heart Valve Diseases
Diseases of the heart valves can be divided into two areas: Valve insufficiency and valve stenosis. With valve insufficiency, your heart valves no longer close properly. As a result, blood flows back into your ventricle, weakening the heart in the long term. In the case of valve stenosis, your heart valve does not open completely so that too little blood can be pumped out. This can lead to congestion in the veins or lungs. Heart valve diseases usually develop as a result of aging processes, infections or circulatory disorders, but can also be congenital.
Heart Muscle Diseases
Inflammation of the heart muscle, also known as myocarditis, is usually caused by a viral infection. The fact that the heart muscle then no longer functions properly can be seen, for example, in cardiac arrhythmia, shortness of breath or chest pain. A rare, fulminant manifestation is the so-called cardiogenic shock: because the body is no longer sufficiently supplied with blood by the heart muscle inflammation, the person suffers from an acute lack of oxygen and must be treated by an emergency doctor.
Other heart diseases
The heart is an extremely complex organ with many components. Diseases can also be found in other areas: For example, the pericardium can be affected (pericarditis) or the inner lining of the heart (endocarditis). Heart defects can also be congenital – this is the case for about one percent of all newborns. In particularly serious cases, heart surgery is then necessary. Due to the complexity of this organ, many heart diseases are interrelated. An experienced cardiologist can grasp these connections and derive an ideal therapy for you – as we do in Cardiopraxis!